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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • Belongs to cluster: Sonnblick Integrated Site
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: polygon
  • Latitude, longitude: 47.03, 12.47
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 2800; 2500-3100
  • Landscape: Glacier
  • Year established: 1896
  • Year-round? No
  • Operations contact: Bernhard Hynek
  • Science contact: Bernhard Hynek
  • Data contact: Bernhard Hynek
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Reference CryoNet Station Information

Goldbergkees is a glacier of the WGMS network. It is located at roughly 2500-3100 m asl with very long glaciological records, thickness change (1871-), front variation (1896-) and mass-balance (1989-), snow chemistry (1987-), snow depth (1928-), glacial discharge (2002-). Ancillary data are available from Sonnblick Observatory and several AWSs.

More information:
World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS): http://www.wgms.ch/metadatabrowser.html

Other Glaciers with mass balance and front variation measurements within site "Sonnblick Integrated Site":
Wurtenkees, WGMS-ID 545, 1896-
Kleinfleisskees, WGMS-ID 547, 1926-
Pasterze, WGMS-ID 566, 1908-

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Other relevant measurement method documents:

Snow chemistry: standard developed as part of the EUROTRAC-ALPTRAC project:


Schwikowski M., Novo A., Baltensberger U., Delmas R., Gaeggeler H. W., Kasper A., Kuhn M., Maupetit F., Nickus U., Preunkert S., Puxbaum H., Rossi G. C., Schoener W., Wagenbach D. (1997): Intercomparison of Snow Sampling and Analysis within the Alpine-Wide Snowpack Investigation (SNOSP). Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 93, 67-91.

Schoener W., Puxbaum H., Staudinger M., Maupetit F. and D. Wagenbach (1997): Spatial Variability in the Chemical Composition of the Snowcover at High Alpine Sites. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 56, No. 1-2, 25-32.

Data Information


Koboltschnig G., Schoener W., Holzmann H. (2007): Extensive hydrological monitoring of a small, highly glacierized watershed in Hohe Tauern region, Austrian Alps. Glacier Mass Balance Changes and Meltwater Discharge (selected papers from sessions at the IAHS Assembly in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, 2005). IAHS Publ. 318, 1-10.

Schoener W., Auer I., Boehm R. (2009): Long term trend of snow depth at Sonnblick (Austrian Alps) and its relation to climate change. Hydrological Processes 23, 1052-1063, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7209.


The measurements made at Goldbergkees are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnow water equivalent1987Continuous
SnowSnowpack profile1987Continuous
GlacierAnnual mass balance1989Continuous
GlacierWinter mass balance1987Continuous
GlacierGlacial discharge2002Continuous
GlacierSurface topography1871Fragmented

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature1886Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure1886Continuous
MetWind speed and direction1886Continuous
MetAir pressure1886Continuous
MetTotal precipitation1892Continuous
MetTrace gases2000Continuous
RadiationDownwelling shortwave1957Continuous
RadiationDownwelling longwave2012Continuous
RadiationSunshine duration1886Continuous

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
AtmosphereSonnblick Observatory is BSRN station
EcologyStream ecology network as part of national park "Nationalpark Hohe Tauern" established in 2011

Last updated: 31 May 2017