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Metadata

  • Station or site: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • Belongs to site: Sonnblick Integrated Site
  • WMO ID (if any): 11146
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: 47.05, 12.96
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 3105
  • Landscape: Mountain
  • Year established: 1886
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Elke Ludewig
  • Science contact: Elke Ludewig
  • Data contact: Gerhard Schauer
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Sonnblick Observatory
Reference CryoNet Station Information

Sonnblick Observatory was established in 1886 with a main focus on meteorological observations, but also glaciological observations since the beginning. In the 1980s the observatory was renewed (power supply, access, house) which enabled to extend the monitoring to other environmental topics (trace gases, aerosols).

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information

Publications

Schoener W., Boehm R., I. Auer (2012). 125 years of high-mountain research at Sonnblick Observatory (Austrian Alps) - from 'the house above the clouds' to a unique research platform. Theor. Appl. Climatol. DOI 10.1007/s00704-012-0689-8

Schoener W., ,Boeckli L., Hausmann H., Otto J.C.,Reisenhofer S., Riedl C. S. Seren (2012). Spatial Patterns of Permafrost at Hoher Sonnblick (Austrian Alps) - Extensive Field-measurements and Modelling Approaches. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences Volume 105/2 , 154-168

Measurements

The measurements made at Sonnblick Observatory are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowDepth1938Continuous
PermafrostActive layer depth2008Continuous
PermafrostThermal state2008Continuous
PermafrostDistribution (local/regional)2008Fragmented

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature1886Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure1886Continuous
MetWind speed and direction1886Continuous
MetAir pressure1886Continuous
MetSnowfall1892Continuous
MetTotal precipitation1892Continuous
MetRainfall1892Continuous
MetTrace gases2000Continuous
MetAerosols1991Continuous
RadiationDownwelling shortwave1957Continuous
RadiationDownwelling longwave2012Continuous
RadiationUV1994Continuous
RadiationSunshine duration1886Continuous

Last updated: 31 May 2017