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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • Belongs to cluster: Tianshan site
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: 43.05, 94.32
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 4500
  • Landscape: Glacier
  • Year established: 2004
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Zhongqin Li
  • Science contact: Ping Zhou
  • Data contact: Ping Zhou

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Miaoergou Ice Cap Station
Reference CryoNet Station Information

Miaoergou Ice Cap Station is located at the eastern Tianshan. It is the extreme arid area of the easternmost segement of Tianshan Mountains and it is the good reference glacier to study the influence of glacier on water resources and the record of sandstorm. The observation of the Miaoergou Ice Cap Station began in 2004, including the observation of glacier mass balance, the thickness of glacier, the temperature, the area, and the movement speed. In 2005, two ice cores were drilled down in the top glacier.

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information


The measurements made at Miaoergou Ice Cap Station are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
GlacierAnnual mass balance2004Continuous
GlacierSurface topography2007Fragmented
GlacierSurface temperature2004Fragmented

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature2012Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure2012Continuous
MetWind speed and direction2012Continuous
MetAir pressure2012Continuous
MetTotal precipitation2012Continuous

Last updated: 31 May 2017