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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • WMO ID (if any): 71355
  • Shape: polygon
  • Latitude, longitude: 82.5, -62.3333
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 65.4
  • Landscape: Other
  • Year established: 1953
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Kim Gravelle
  • Science contact:
  • Data contact:

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Alert Climate
Reference CryoNet Station Information

The site is located on the northeastern tip of Ellesmere Island. Soil composition is a mixture of shale and and clay with sparse vegetation. The surface wind tower is located in a slightly depressed area that is generally 2 metres lower than the location of the main instrument area. The area in the immediate vicinity of the station is gently rolling. The terrain slopes down to Alert Inlet which is 1.5 kilometres south of the instrument area. The terrain slopes upwards to the north where it peaks at approximately 73 metres ASL. This rise in the terrain is the location for Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert. A few larger hills that extend 450-600 metres ASL can be found 8 kilometres south of the station. Higher peaks ranging up to 2900 metres are 50 kilometres southwest. Lincoln Sea is the major body of water to the north and east of the station.

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information


The measurements made at Alert Climate are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnow water equivalentTBDContinuous
SnowSnowpack profileTBDContinuous

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature1953Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure1953Continuous
MetWind speed and direction1953Continuous
MetAir pressure1953Continuous
MetTotal precipitation1953
RadiationDownwelling shortwave19642003Continuous

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
SnowECCC MSC Branch (Radar and Upper Air Division) facilitates a bimonthly ten-point snow survey that measures snow depth, water equivalent and density. Recent data is available through MSC with no accessible historical data.
AtmosphereMSC Data is delivered to WMO via GTS from CWAO (Dorval) and also made available to the general public at http://dd.weather.gc.ca/observations/ (products) and http://dd.weather.gc.ca/bulletins/ (raw bulletins) and Met-ML http://dd.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca/observations/swob-ml/

ECCC S&T Branch has a greenhouse gas monitoring station operated by the Climate Research Division with data submitted and available through the GAW World Data Centers.

ECCC S&T Branch has an UV monitoring station operated by the Air Quality Research Division with data available through the GAW World Data Centers.

OtherECCC MSC Branch (Radar and Upper Air Division)performs aerological soundings twice daily via radiosonde. Continuous pressure, temperature and humidity data (up to 30+km) are available from 1950 to present courtesy of NOAA at: https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/raobs/

Last updated: 31 May 2017