WMO GCW home


  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • WMO ID (if any): 71613
  • Shape: polygon
  • Latitude, longitude: 79.9892, -85.9339
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 10.0
  • Landscape: Other
  • Year established: 1947
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Kim Gravelle
  • Science contact:
  • Data contact:

Click here for Google Maps

Eureka Climate
Reference CryoNet Station Information

The site is located on the edge of Slidre Fjord, on the west coast of Ellesmere Island. The fjord is in a NW-SE line immediately south of the station. Mountain ranges are evident in all directions. Ground is mostly gravel and silt, with low lying tundra growth-grasses, willows, poppies, cotton etc.

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information


The measurements made at Eureka Climate are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnow water equivalentTBDContinuous
SnowSnowpack profileTBDContinuous

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature1947Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure1947Continuous
MetWind speed and direction1947Continuous
MetAir pressure1947Continuous
MetTotal precipitation1947Continuous
RadiationDownwelling shortwave1964Continuous

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
SnowECCC MSC Branch (Radar and Upper Air Division) facilitates a bimonthly ten-point snow survey that measures snow depth, water equivalent and density. Recent data is available through MSC with no accessible historical data.
AtmosphereData is delivered to WMO via GTS from CWAO (Dorval) and also made available to the general public at http://dd.weather.gc.ca/observations/ (products) and http://dd.weather.gc.ca/bulletins/ (raw bulletins) and Met-ML http://dd.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca/observations/swob-ml/
OtherECCC MSC Branch (Radar and Upper Air Division)performs aerological soundings twice daily via radiosonde. Continuous pressure, temperature and humidity data (up to 30+km) are available from 1948 to present courtesy of NOAA at: https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/raobs/ Ozonesonde soundings are performed weekly with data available through MSC.

Last updated: 31 May 2017