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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: polygon
  • Latitude, longitude: 70.17, 21.75
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 302-1050
  • Landscape: Glacier
  • Year established: 1989
  • Year-round? No
  • Operations contact: Bjarne Kjøllmoen
  • Science contact: Liss Marie Andreassen
  • Data contact: Bjarne Kjøllmoen
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Reference CryoNet Station Information

Langfjordjøkelen is a plateau glacier situated on the border of Troms and Finnmark counties, approximately 60 km northwest of the city of Alta. It has an area of about 7.7 km2 (2008), and of this 3.2 km2 drains eastward. The investigations are performed on this east-facing part, ranging in elevation from 302 to 1050 m a.s.l.
The annual glaciological investigations include mass balance and change in glacier length. Langfjordjøkelen has been the subject of mass balance measurements since 1989 with the exception of 1994 and 1995.

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information


Andreassen, L. M., H. Elvehøy, B. Kjøllmoen, and R. V. Engeset. 2016. Reanalysis of long-term series of glaciological and geodetic mass balance for 10 Norwegian glaciers, The Cryosphere, 10, 535-552, doi:10.5194/tc-10-535-2016.

Andreassen, L.M., B. Kjøllmoen, A. Rasmussen, K. Melvold and Ø. Nordli. 2012. Langfjordjøkelen, a rapidly shrinking glacier in northern Norway. Journal of Glaciology, 58 (209), 581-593.

Giesen, R.H., L.M. Andreassen, M.R. van den Broeke, and J. Oerlemans. 2014. Surface energy balance in the ablation zone of Langfjordjøkelen, an arctic, maritime glacier in northern Norway. Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 60, No. 219, 2014 doi: 10.3189/2014JoG13J063.

Bjarne Kjøllmoen (Ed.), Liss M. Andreassen, Hallgeir Elvehøy, Miriam Jackson and Kjetil Melvold. 2017. Glaciological investigations in Norway in 2016. NVE Report 76 2017, 95 p. +app.


The measurements made at Langfjordjøkelen are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
GlacierAnnual mass balance1989Continuous
GlacierWinter mass balance1966
GlacierFacies, snowline1989Fragmented

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
GlacierMass Balance continuous except for two years: 1994, 1995

Last updated: 13 November 2017