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  • Station or cluster: Contributing Station
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: 51.66293, -116.55754
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 2461
  • Landscape: Glacier
  • Year established: 2002
  • Year ended (therefore inactive): 2014
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Dhiraj Pradhananga
  • Science contact: John Pomeroy
  • Data contact: Branko Zdravkovic

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Peyto Middle Ice
Contributing Station Information

Peyto Glacier in Banff National Park is a valley outflow glacier Wapta Icefield in the Waputik Mountains, a part of the Canadian Rocky Mountains – the headwaters of major river systems in western Canada [location map is included]. During the 1960s, the area of the glacier was 13.4 km2. However, it has been continuously losing mass since the mid-1970s (9.9 km2 of the glacier as of 2016) and the new proglacial lake formed at the tongue of the glacier is increasing in size every year. The lake in the research basin has been named as ‘Lake Munro’ by the Centre for Hydrology (University of Saskatchewan) to honor Scott Munro’s research contribution to the glacier. Peyto Creek flowing out of Lake Munro drains the Peyto Glacier Research Basin (22.4 km²) and discharges to Peyto Lake, which has outflow into the Mistaya River, one of the tributaries of the North Saskatchewan River.

Although the first record of Peyto Glacier goes back to the photograph in 1896 by Walter D. Wilcox, significant research of the glacier began in 1965, when it was selected as one of the research sites for the International Hydrological Decade (IHD). The past studies over the glacier is well documented in the book – ‘Peyto Glacier: One Century of Science’ edited by Demuth et al., (2006). Automatic weather stations (AWS) were installed on the ice and off-glacier sites and several post-IHD-period micrometeorological studies were made by Dr. Scott Munro, University of Toronto. These climate stations are now being continued by the Centre for Hydrology – University of Saskatchewan.

Other Networks to Which This Contributing Station Belongs

Data Information


Changing Cold Regions Network, 3. Wapta Icefield/Peyto Glacier, AB. http://ccrnetwork.ca/science/WECC/western-cordillera/peyto-glacier.php


The measurements made at Peyto Middle Ice are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnow on the ground (WMO code 0957)20072013Fragmented
SnowSnow water equivalent20132013Sporadic
SnowSnowpack profile20072013Fragmented
GlacierIce/firn temperature20072013Fragmented

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature20072013Fragmented
MetHumidity/vapour pressure20072013Fragmented
MetWind speed and direction20072013Fragmented

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
OtherIt was the AWS established near the equilibrium line of Peyto Glacier by Dr. Scott Munro earlier than 2002. However, the continuous data are available from 2007-2008 and 2010-2013.

Last updated: 24 February 2018