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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Primary
  • Attribute(s): Research
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: 4.8, -75.3667
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 4850; 4715-4935
  • Landscape: Glacier
  • Year established: 2006
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Jorge Luis CEBALLOS
  • Science contact: Jorge Luis CEBALLOS
  • Data contact: Jorge Luis CEBALLOS
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Glaciar Conejeras
Primary CryoNet Station Information

The "Conejeras" glacier (0.14Km2) has a minimum elevation of 4715 m. asl and maximum of 4935 m.asl it´s located at Santa Isabel volcano Northwest's side. Conejeras glacier mass balance has been calculated monthly by direct method calculation since 2006 (field measurements using stakes). The mass balance calculations has been also complemented with meteorological and hydrological stations until 2700 m. asl.

Since 2006, Conejeras Glacier shows a negative mass balance with a peak during the ENSO in 2009-2010 and 2015-2016. The acumulative mass balance 2006-2016 is -35 m w.e.

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information




The measurements made at Glaciar Conejeras are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnow water equivalent2006Fragmented
SnowSnowpack profile2006Sporadic
SnowSnowfall depth2006Continuous
GlacierAnnual mass balance2006Continuous
GlacierGlacial discharge2008Continuous
GlacierSurface topography2006
GlacierFacies, snowlineNot specified
GlacierSurface albedo2010Fragmented

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature2008Fragmented
MetHumidity/vapour pressure2008Fragmented
MetWind speed and direction2008Fragmented
MetAir pressure2008Fragmented
MetTotal precipitation2008Fragmented
RadiationDownwelling shortwave2010Fragmented
RadiationUpwelling shortwave2010Fragmented
RadiationDownwelling longwave2010Fragmented
RadiationUpwelling longwave2010Fragmented

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
GlacierA meteorological station on glacier surface to calculate a energy balance since 2010, But data record data set has gaps.
HydrologyA hydrological station (Parshall structure) close to glacier
EcologyPhotos of dead birds and dead insects on glacier surface
OtherFive hydro-meteorological stations have been installed since 2008 extending downvalley to 2700 m. asl to understand entire high mountain system.

Last updated: 30 November 2017