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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s): Cal/val
  • WMO ID (if any): N/A
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: 32.58, 91.86
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 5100
  • Landscape: Coastal
  • Year established: May, 2004
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Yongping Qiao
  • Science contact: Tonghua Wu
  • Data contact: Lin Zhao

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Reference CryoNet Station Information

Tanggula site is located in the hinterland of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. We deployed permafrost observations since the beginning of this century. The observations include ground temperature at 20 levels in a 35-m borehole, soil temperature and moisture at 5 levels, soil heat flux at 3 levels, general meteorological observations.

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information


Yao Jimin, Zhao Lin, Ding Yongjian, Gu Lianglei, Jiao Keqin, Qiao Yongping,Wang Yinxue. The surface energy budget and evapotranspiration in the Tanggula region on the Tibetan Plateau. Cold regions science and technology (SCI), 52, 326-340, 2008.


The measurements made at Tanggula are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
PermafrostSoil temperature2004Continuous
PermafrostActive layer depth2004Continuous
PermafrostSoil moisture2004Continuous
PermafrostThermal state2004Continuous

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature2004Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure2004Continuous
MetWind speed and direction2004Continuous
MetAir pressure2004Continuous
MetTotal precipitation2004
MetSensible and latent heat2004Continuous
RadiationDownwelling shortwave2004Continuous
RadiationUpwelling shortwave2004
RadiationDownwelling longwave2004Continuous
RadiationUpwelling longwave2004Continuous

Last updated: 31 May 2017