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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • WMO ID (if any): 21824
  • Shape: polygon
  • Latitude, longitude: 71.6, 128.9
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 5-40
  • Landscape: Coastal
  • Year established: 1932
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Vasilii Kustov
  • Science contact: Alexandr Makshtas
  • Data contact: Dmitrij Apartsev
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Reference CryoNet Station Information

The Hydrometeorological Observatory Tiksi is located in the Russian Arctic at 71.6 N, 128.9E, eastward of Lena river estuary near the coast of Laptev Sea on the shore of Sogo Bay. The weather polar station Tiksi was opened in 1932. The integrated facility has been developed through a partnership between the Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Roshydromet), National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Finnish Meteorological Institute. In the summer/fall of 2006 a new weather station laboratory facility was built which has additional laboratory and roof space intended to support instruments for research, climate studies and monitoring studies. A second facility was built in the summers of 2007-2008 1.5 km north west of the new Roshydromet weather station. The site for the second facility was selected so that the surrounding terrain is horizontally homogeneous, undisturbed, and with a significant clean air sector. The facility includes a 20 m tower., roof space, air sampling stacks and boardwalks to maintain the pristine environment. The official opening of the Tiksi Facility was in August 2010. This facility supports the research needs of the International community, across disciplines including supporting Global Atmosphere Watch, Baseline Surface Radiation Network, AeroNet measurements as well as other climate observations, including fast ice thickness and distribution, and permafrost.

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information


Taneil Uttal, Alexander Makshtas, Tuomas Laurila, 2013: The Tiksi International Hydrometeorological Observatory - an Arctic members Partnership. Bulletin (The journal of the World Meteorological Organization) vol.62 (1), 22-26.

Makshtas A.P., Bolshakova I.I., Gun R.M., Jukova O.L., Ivanov N.E., Shutilin S.V., 2011: Climate of the Hydrometeorological Observatory Tiksi region. In Meteorological and geophysical investigations. Paulsen, 2011, 49 - 74 (in Russian).


The measurements made at Tiksi are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnowpack profile2010Sporadic
SeaiceClass (pack, fast ice)
SeaiceIce phenomena1932
SeaiceMelt onset1932Continuous
PermafrostSoil temperature2010Continuous
PermafrostActive layer depth2010Continuous
PermafrostThermal state2010Continuous
PermafrostDistribution (local/regional)2010Sporadic
PermafrostDuration of thaw2010Fragmented
PermafrostOnset of seasonal freezing2010Continuous
PermafrostDepth of seasonal freezing2010Continuous

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature1932Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure1932Continuous
MetWind speed and direction1932Continuous
MetAir pressure1932Continuous
MetTotal precipitation1932Continuous
MetTrace gases2010Continuous
MetSensible and latent heat2010Continuous
RadiationDownwelling shortwave2010Fragmented
RadiationUpwelling shortwave2010Continuous
RadiationDownwelling longwave2010Continuous
RadiationUpwelling longwave2010Continuous
RadiationUV2010Not specified
RadiationSunshine duration1932Continuous

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
OceanographyRegular measurements of surface layer water temperature and salinity near shore beginning 1932.

Last updated: 31 May 2017