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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Primary
  • Attribute(s): Research
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: polygon
  • Latitude, longitude: 49.1754, 87.9162
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 2900-4374
  • Landscape: Mountain
  • Year established: 2004, 2007
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Purevdagva Khalzan
  • Science contact: Davaa
  • Data contact: Purevdagva Khalzan

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Primary CryoNet Station Information

The Potanin Glacier (49°09?N, 87°55?E) is situated in the Tavan Bogd region, which is in
the Mongolian part of the Altai Mountains (49°09?N, 87°55?E). The Potanin Glacier flows eastwards from near the summit of Mt. Khuiten (4374 m a.s.l.), which is the highest peak in the Altai Mountains, to a valley in Mongolian Altai. The Potanin Glacier is 10.4 km in length, and it is approximately 1.5 km wide in the ablation area and 5 km wide in the accumulation area; the altitude of the glacier ranges from 4374 to 2900 m a.s.l., and it’s area was observed to be about 24.34 km2 in 2003. The average surface inclination of the Potanin Glacier is 8.0° and the maximum thickness is 229 m (Kadota et al.,2011). The nearest climate station in Mongolia is Ulgii (1730 m a.s.l.; World Meteorological Organization (WMO) station number 442140), which is located 155 km to the east (48°97?N, 89°97?E) of the Potanin Glacier (Konya et al. 2014).

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Other relevant measurement method documents:

Mongolian and Russian hydrometeorological guidelines.

Data Information


1.G.Davaa, T. Kadota, K. ??nya, Kh. Purevdagva, N. Davaadorj, D. Baasandorj, D.Batkhuu, N. Yura, T. Khash-Erdene, Sh.Sodnombaljir, Z. Bakhytbol (2013) Variation and changes of glaciers in Mongolia, proceedings of conference on the 2nd Nakdong River International Water Week 2013 (Na-Ri IWW/IWF 2013), Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea
2. Kadota, T. and Davaa, G.., 2007. Recent variation of glaciers in Mongolia. Annals of Glaciology, 46, 185-188.
3.Kadota, T., G. Davaa, K. Purevdagva, N. Davaadorj and T. OHATA. 2011. Glaciological research in the Mongolian Altai, 2003-2009. Bulletin of Glaciological Research, 29, 41-50.
4.Konya K., Kadota, T., Davaa, G., Yabuki, H. and Ohata, T. (2010): Meteorological features of Potanin glacier, Mongolian Altai revealed by field observations. Bull. Glaciol. Res., 28, 7–16.
5. Keiko Konya, Tsutomu Kadota, Fumio Nakazawa, Davaa Gombo, Purevdagva Khalzan,?Hironori Yabuki, and Tetsuo Ohata (2013) Surface mass balance of Potanin Glacier, Mongolian Altai, for 2005, 2008 – 2011, Bull.Glaciol. Res.31


The measurements made at Tavanbogd are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnow water equivalent2014Sporadic
PermafrostSoil temperature2013Continuous
PermafrostActive layer depth2013Continuous
PermafrostThermal state2013Continuous
GlacierAnnual mass balance2004Continuous
GlacierSurface topography2007Fragmented

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature2007Fragmented
MetHumidity/vapour pressure2007Fragmented
MetWind speed and direction2007Fragmented
MetAir pressure2007Fragmented
RadiationDownwelling shortwave2009Continuous
RadiationUpwelling shortwave2009
RadiationDownwelling longwave2009Continuous
RadiationUpwelling longwave2009Continuous

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
HydrologyDischarge and water level measurement at the Tsagaan river, draining from the glacier.

Last updated: 31 May 2017