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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • Belongs to cluster: Concordia
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: -75.12, 123.32
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 3235
  • Landscape: Icesheet
  • Year established: 2006
  • Year-round? 0
  • Operations contact: Christophe Genthon
  • Science contact: Christophe Genthon
  • Data contact: Genthon Genthon

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Dome C Concordia air / snow observatory
Reference CryoNet Station Information

Flat, permanently snow covered surface, small undulations (sastrugis).

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Other relevant measurement method documents:

Accumulation stakes measurement method as described in the review by Eisen et al., 2007. Snow accumulation in East Antarctica, Reviews of Geophysics, 46, RG2001, doi:10.1029/2006RG000218.

No documented snow or atmospheric methods availalble for the Antarctic plateau. Best practices are used.

Data Information


Eisen et al., 2007. Snow accumulation in East Antarctica, Reviews of Geophysics, 46, RG2001, doi:10.1029/2006RG000218.

Genthon, C., D. Six, V. Favier, M. Lazzara, L. Keller, 2011. Atmospheric temperature measurement biases on the Antarctic plateau, J. Atm. Oceanic Technol., DOI 10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00095.1 28, No. 12, 1598-1605.

Genthon C., D. Six, H. Gallée, P. Grigioni, and A. Pellegrini, 2013. Two years of atmospheric boundary layer observations on a 45-m tower at Dome C on the Antarctic plateau, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 3218–3232, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50128.

Genthon, C., D. Six, C. Scarchilli, V. Giardini, M. Frezzotti, 2015. Meteorological and snow accumulation gradients across dome C, east Antarctic plateau, Int. J. Clim.,36, 455-466, DOI: 10.1002/joc.4362.

Vignon, E., C. Genthon, H. barral, C. Amory, G. Casasanta, H. Gallée, F. Hourdin, S. Argentini, and G. Picard, 2016. Surface turbulent fluxes calculation over the Antarctic plateau: sensitivity to four surface layers features, Bound. Lay. Met.., in press.

Arisitidi, E., J. vernin, F.-X. Schmider, T. Travouillon, C. Pouzenc, O. traullé, C. Genthon, A. Agabi, E. Bondoux, Z. Chalita, and D. Mearnia, 2015. Monitoring the optical turbulence in the surface layer at Dome C, Antarctica, with sonic anemometers, Mon. Not. Roy. Astronom. Soc., 454, 4304-4315.

Palerme, C., C. Genthon, C. Claud · J. E. Kay, N. B. Wood, T. L’Ecuyer, 2015. Evaluation of Antarctic precipitation in CMIP5 models, current climate and projections, Clim. Dyn., DOI 10.1007/s00382-016-3071-1.

Rysman, J.-F., A. Lahellec, E. Vignon, C. Genthon, and S. Verrier, 2015. Characterisation of atmospheric Ekman Spirals at Dome C, Antarctica, Bound. Lay. Met., DOI: 10.1007/s10546-016-0144-y

Casado, M. A. Landais, V. Masson-Delmotte, C. Genthon, E. Kerstel, S. Kassi, L. Arnaud, G. Picard, F. Prie, O. Cattani, H.-C. Steen-Larsen, E. Vignon, and P. Cermak, 2016. Continuous measurements of isotopic composition of water vapour on the East Antarctic Plateau, Atm. Chem. Phys., 16, 8521-8538, doi:10.5194/acp-16-8521-2016

Brun, E., D. Six, G. Picard, V. Vionnet, L. Arnaud, E. Bazile, A. Boone, A. Bouchard, C. Genthon, V. Guidard, P. Le Moigne, F. Rabier, Y. Seity, 2011. Snow-atmosphere coupled simulation at Dome C, Antarctica, Journal of Glaciology, 57 (204), 721-736.

Brucker, L., G. Picard, L. Arnaud, Barnola, JM, Schneebeli, M., Brunjail, H., Lefebvre, E., Fily, M., 2011. Modeling time series of microwave brightness temperature at Dome C, Antarctica, using vertically resolved snow temperature and microstructure measurements, Journal of Glaciology, 57(201),171-182.

Landais, A., G. Dreyfus, E. Capron, K. Pol, M. F. Loutre, D. Raynaud, V. Y. Lipenkov, L. Arnaud, V. Masson-Delmotte, D. Paillard, J. Jouzel, and M. Leuenberger, ‘Towards orbital dating of the EPICA Dome C ice core using ?O2/N2’, Climate of the Past, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 191–203, Jan. 2012. doi:10.5194/cp-8-191-2012


The measurements made at Dome C Concordia air / snow observatory are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
IcesheetSurface accumulation2006Fragmented
IcesheetInternal temperature2011Continuous

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
IcesheetInternal snow temperature down to 20 m. Annual stakes network surface accumulation since 2006, locally high frequency (snow height gauges) since 2011.
AtmosphereBoundary layer profile 6 levels across ~40 m since 2009, 2 additional levels since 2015

Last updated: 18 July 2018