Integrated CryoNet Cluster Information
Stations in This Site
This site is comprised of the following stations:
- Dome C Concordia air / snow observatory - CryoNet Station
- Dome C GLACIOCLIM SAMBA stakes network north - Contributing Station
- Dome C GLACIOCLIM SAMBA stakes network south - Contributing Station
- Dome-C Surface-Snow-Meteo - CryoNet Station
Broad Research Focus
Concordia is a joint French-Italian research facility opened in 2005 on the Antarctic Plateau, Antarctica (-75.1, 123.33), managed together by PNRA (Italian National Antarctic Programme) and IPEV (Institut Polaire Francais Paul Emile Victor).
The station is permanently staffed with at least 10 people in the winter (about half of whom with scientific observation duties) and more than 70 during the local summer. This allows a large range of observation and scientific experiments, including in the field of meteorology, glaciology, snow science, sismology, geomagnetism astronomy and astrophysics, and medical sciences.
Different experiments and activities which are carried out in the station are strictly connected and acquired data are commonly shared by several disciplines. A French-Italian committee has been established by the base owners in order to insure an integrated approach the development and the implementation of the experiments and the harmonization of them.
Representativeness of the Cluster
The site of Dome-C, where the base is located, is representative of a wide portion (hundreds of square kilometers) of the inner part of the East Antarctic Plateau. Surface is homogenuous wiht an elevation change less than 10 m in 50 km.
Satellite connection to data transfer. Presence of people at the site, in both winter and summer period, able to maintain the stations.
Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Cluster Belongs
- GLACIOCLIM network / observatory (surface mass balance)
- CESOA network / observatory (atmospheric chemistry and aerosols) both more than 10 year old, distributing data
- BSRN (Baseline Surface Radiation Network)
- Are the data quality controlled? yes
- How are the data accessible? HTTP (web), an existing data center
- Data availability (may depend on the variable measured): delayed more than one year
The measurements made at Concordia are listed in the following tables. This is a combination of measurements made at the stations within the site, where the start and end years in the tables are the earliest and latest years of measurement. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)
Measurement Notes and Other Measurements
|Category||Description or List|
|Snow||Albedo measurements are performed at 2 and 30 m of height.|
|Icesheet||Internal snow temperature down to 20 m. Annual stakes network surface accumulation since 2006, locally high frequency (snow height gauges) since 2011. Internal temperature measured in the range 0-10 m at differnt depth. The probes in the first meter 0-100 cm are annually displaced at theirs nominal value. Accumulation is also measured. .|
|Atmosphere|| Boundary layer profile 6 levels across ~40 m since 2009, 2 additional levels since 2015. Available Daily Radiosoundings at 12:00 UTC from 2005.|
Both AWS and Soundings station have WMO ID 89625
Data are delivered through the WEB site "www.climantartide.it"
AWS coordinates are : -71,1 ; 123.4 . Altitude = 3233 m
or aerosol using sun-photometric techniques, aerosl optical tickness (AOT) and turbidity parameters are measured.
Activities were affected by several problems in the past so that acquaired data-sets have not the same regularity of radiation meas.
In the plan are to install moon photometer and try to detect AOD also during polar night.
BSRN coordinates are: -75.32, 123.39
BSRN data are available at bsrn.awi.de.