WMO GCW home


  • Station or site: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • Belongs to site: Concordia
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: polygon
  • Latitude, longitude: -75.098, 123.302
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 3269
  • Landscape: Icesheet
  • Year established: 2007
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Angelo Lupi
  • Science contact: Giovanni Macelloni
  • Data contact: Paolo Grigioni
  • Click for website

Click here for Google Maps

Dome-C Surface-Snow-Meteo
Reference CryoNet Station Information

Ice sheet. Please refers to Concordia site description

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Other relevant measurement method documents:

Many information on BSRN network requirements can be found on the network web page


Fundamental documents are:

McArthur L. J. B., 2005: Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN). Operations Manual. Version 2.1. WCRP-121, WMO/TD-No. 1274 (http://hdl.handle.net/10013/epic.39582.d001)

Long, C. N., and E. G. Dutton, 2002: BSRN Global Network recommended QC tests, V2.0. (http://hdl.handle.net/10013/epic.38770.d001)

Gert Koenig-Langlo, Rainer Sieger, Holger Schmithsen, Amelie Backer, Friedrich Richter, and Ellsworth. G. Dutton, 2013, Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN), Update of the Technical Plan for BSRN Data Management, GCOS 174, WCRP 24/2013 (http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/gcos/Publications/gcos-174.pdf)

Data Information


M. Busetto, C. Lanconelli, M. Mazzola, A. Lupi, B. Petkov, V. Vitale, C. Tomasi, Parameterization of clear-sky effective emissivity under surface-based temperature inversion at Dome C and South Pole, Antarctica, Antarctic Science, 25(05), 697-710, 2013
Lanconelli, C., Busetto, M., Dutton, E. G., König-Langlo, G., Maturilli, M., Sieger, R., Vitale, V., and Yamanouchi, T.: Polar baseline surface radiation measurements during the International Polar Year 2007–2009, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 3, 1-8, doi:10.5194/essd-3-1-2011, 2011.

Macelloni, G., Brogioni, M., Pampaloni, P., Cagnati, A., Drinkwater, M.R.
DOMEX 2004: An experimental campaign at Dome-C Antarctica for the calibration of spaceborne low-frequency microwave radiometers (2006) IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 44 (10), pp. 2642-2653. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2006.882801

Macelloni, G., Brogioni, M., Pettinato, S., Zasso, R., Crepaz, A., Zaccaria, J., Padovan, B., Drinkwater, M. Ground-based l-band emission measurements at dome-c Antarctica: The DOMEX-2 experiment (2013) IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 51 (9), art. no. 6585775, pp. 4718-4730. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2013.2277921

Groot Zwaaftink, C.D., Cagnati, A., Crepaz, A., Fierz, C., Macelloni, G., Valt, M., Lehning, M. Event-driven deposition of snow on the Antarctic Plateau: Analyzing field measurements with SNOWPACK (2013) Cryosphere, 7 (1), pp. 333-347. Cited 8 times. DOI: 10.5194/tc-7-333-2013

Brogioni, M., MacElloni, G., Montomoli, F., Jezek, K.C. Simulating Multifrequency Ground-Based Radiometric Measurements at Dome C-Antarctica
(2015) IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 8 (9), art. no. 7112470, pp. 4405-4417. DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2427512

M. Negusini, B. H. Petkov, P. Sarti and C. Tomasi, "Ground-Based Water Vapor Retrieval in Antarctica: An Assessment," in IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 2935-2948, May 2016.
doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2015.2509059

P. Ricaud, P. Grigioni, R. Zbinden, J.-L. Attié, L. Genoni, A. Galeandro, L. Moggio, S. Montaguti, I. Petenko and P. Legovini (2015). Review of tropospheric temperature, absolute humidity and integrated water vapour from the HAMSTRAD radiometer installed at Dome C, Antarctica, 2009–14. Antarctic Science, 27, pp 598-616. doi:10.1017/S0954102015000334

Maurizio Busetto, Christian Lanconelli, Mauro Mazzola, Angelo Lupi, Boyan Petkov, Vito Vitale, Claudio Tomasi, Paolo Grigioni and Andrea Pellegrini (2013). Parameterization of clear sky effective emissivity under surface-based temperature inversion at Dome C and South Pole, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 25, pp 697-710. doi:10.1017/S0954102013000096.


The measurements made at Dome-C Surface-Snow-Meteo are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
IcesheetInternal temperature2008Continuous

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature2005Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure2005Continuous
MetWind speed and direction2005Continuous
MetAir pressure2005Continuous
RadiationDownwelling shortwave2006Continuous
RadiationUpwelling shortwave2007Continuous
RadiationDownwelling longwave2006Continuous
RadiationUpwelling longwave2010Continuous

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
SnowAlbedo measurements are performed at 2 and 30 m of height
IcesheetInternal temperature measured in the range 0-10 m at differnt depth. The probes in the first meter 0-100 cm are annually displaced at theirs nominal value. Accumulation is also measured.
AtmosphereAvailable Daily Radiosoundings at 12:00 UTC from 2005.

Both AWS and Soundings station have WMO ID 89625

Data are delivered through the WEB site "www.climantartide.it"

AWS coordinates are : -71,1 ; 123.4 . Altitude = 3233 m

or aerosol using sun-photometric techniques, aerosl optical tickness (AOT) and turbidity parameters are measured.

Activities were affected by several problems in the past so that acquaired data-sets have not the same regularity of radiation meas.

In the plan are to install moon photometer and try to detect AOD also during polar night.

BSRN coordinates are: -75.32, 123.39

BSRN data are available at bsrn.awi.de

Last updated: 31 May 2017