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Metadata

  • Station or site: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s): Cal/val, Research
  • Belongs to site: Sodankyla-Pallas
  • WMO ID (if any): 02836
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: 67.368 , 26.633
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 179
  • Landscape: Boreal
  • Year established: 1908
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Timo Sukuvaara
  • Science contact: Jouni Pulliainen
  • Data contact: Riika Ylitalo
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Sodankyla Sounding Station
Reference CryoNet Station Information

The sounding station was build in 1949. Main weather parameters at the station were measured manually until 2009. Instrumentation at the station has increased during the years. The meteorological observations for Sodankyla sounding station cover more than 100 years:

- Air temperature measured since 1908
- Snow depth measured since 1911
- Other main weather paremeters (SYNOP observations) are measured since 1959
- First solar radiation observations 1950
- Ozone vertical profiles are measured since 1988
- Satellite reception building and 2,4m satellite receiver 2003
- Automatic Sounding Station 2006
- Automatic Weather Station 2006
- Fourier Transform Spektrometer (FTS) instrument measuring greenhouse gas columns 2009

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information

Publications

R. Kivi, E. Kyro, T. Turunen, T. Ulich and E. Turunen, 1999. Atmospheric Trends Above Finland: II Troposphere and Stratosphere. Geophysica, 35(1-2), p.71-85.

European UV DataBase (EUVDB) as a repository and quality analyser for solar spectral UV irradiance monitored in Sodankyla Anu Heikkila, Jussi Kaurola, Kaisa Lakkala, Juha Matti Karhu, Esko Kyro, Tapani Koskela, Ola Engelsen, Harry Slaper, and Gunther Seckmeyer Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 5, 333-345, doi:10.5194/gi-5-333-2016, 2016

Brewer spectrometer total ozone column measurements in Sodankyla Tomi Karppinen, Kaisa Lakkala, Juha M. Karhu, Pauli Heikkinen, Rigel Kivi, and Esko Kyro Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 5, 229-239, doi:10.5194/gi-5-229-2016, 2016

Bipolar long-term high temporal resolution broadband measurement system for incoming and outgoing solar UV radiation, and snow UV albedo, at Sodankyla (67N) and Marambio (64S) O. Meinander, A. Aarva, A. Poikonen, A. Kontu, H. Suokanerva, E. Asmi, K. Neitola, E. Rodriguez, R. Sanchez, M. Mei, G. de Leeuw, and E. Kyro Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst. Discuss., doi:10.5194/gi-2015-31, 2016

In search of traceability: two decades of calibrated Brewer UV measurements in Sodankyla and Jokioinen J. S. Makela, K. Lakkala, O. Meinander, J. Kaurola, T. Koskela, J. M. Karhu, T. Karppinen, E. Kyro, G. de Leeuw, and A. Heikkila Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst. Discuss., doi:10.5194/gi-2015-40, 2016

Measurements

The measurements made at Sodankyla Sounding Station are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowDepth1911Continuous
SnowAlbedo1957Continuous
PermafrostSoil temperature2000Fragmented
PermafrostThickness2000Fragmented

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature1908Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure1959Continuous
MetWind speed and direction1959Continuous
MetAir pressure1959Continuous
MetSnowfall1959Continuous
MetTotal precipitation1959Continuous
MetRainfall1959Continuous
MetTrace gases1988Continuous
MetAerosols1991Sporadic
RadiationDownwelling shortwave1957Continuous
RadiationUpwelling shortwave1957Continuous
RadiationDownwelling longwave2005Continuous
RadiationUpwelling longwave2005Continuous
RadiationUV1990Continuous
RadiationSunshine duration1950Continuous

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
SnowAlbedo data (global and reflected solar radiation) from years 1957-1971 can be found from Meteorological Yearbook of Finland. Since 1971 data is digitized.
AtmosphereShortwave radiation from years 1957-1971 can be found from Meteorological Yearbook of Finland. Since 1971 data is digitized.
OtherOther observations: Manual and automatic soundings, Satellite reception, Clouds, Radioactivity, Greenhouse gas columns etc.

Last updated: 31 May 2017