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  • Station or cluster: Contributing Station
  • Belongs to cluster: Sodankyla-Pallas
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: transect
  • Latitude, longitude: 67.3485, 26.8042
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 181.5
  • Landscape: Boreal
  • Year established: 2009
  • Year-round? No
  • Operations contact: Timo Ryyppo
  • Science contact: Anna Kontu
  • Data contact: Anna Kontu
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Sodankyla Lake Orajarvi
Contributing Station Information

The lake Orajarvi station is located around 8 km east from the Arctic Research Station of Finnish Meteorological Institute and the primary CryoNet stations of Sodankyla. The lake covers around 11 km2 and has an average depth of 4.4 m. During the winter period, lake ice depth (layers, total ice, snow ice) and snow depth are measured at three points along transect. Measurements have been conducted every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks since winter 2009/2010.

Data Information


Cheng, B., Vihma, T., Rontu, L., Kontu, A., Kheyrollah Pour, M., Duguay, C., and Pulliainen, J.: Evolution of snow and ice temperature, thickness and energy balance in Lake Orajarvi, northern Finland. Tellus, 66(1), doi:10.3402/tellusa.v66.21564, 2014.


The measurements made at Sodankyla Lake Orajarvi are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnow water equivalent20092014Fragmented
SnowSnowpack profile20092014Fragmented

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature20092014Fragmented

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
OtherIce and snow temperature profile, continuous (during wintertime), start year: 2009

Last updated: 21 August 2019