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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Primary
  • Attribute(s):
  • Belongs to cluster: Sodankyla-Pallas
  • WMO ID (if any): 05824
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: 67.987, 24.243
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 347
  • Landscape: Boreal
  • Year established: 2002
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Juha Hatakka
  • Science contact: Tuomas Laurila
  • Data contact: Mika Aurela
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Primary CryoNet Station Information

The station lies at an elevation of 347m a.s.l on a hill top plateau, 1.4km south of the Matorova station. The hill is ca. 60 m above the surrounding plains. The 20-m high measurement tower is situated in a Norway spruce forest (Hylocomium-Myrtillus type). The mean tree density of the stand is 1050 stems per hectare and the dominant tree height is 13 m. The age of the trees varies from 70 to 160 years. The stand is naturally regenerated, but some forest management has taken place, as most of the downey birch (Betula pubescens) was cut down in 1968-1969. The total leaf area index of 6m^2m^-2 was estimated for the site by using the allmetric functions of Marklund (1987, 1988) and the specific leaf dry-weight information of Steinbrecher et all (1999) determined at the Pallas area.

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information


Hatakka et al. Overview of the atmospheric research activites and results at Pallas GAW station, Boreal environ. res. 2003, 8:365-383


The measurements made at Pallas-Kenttarova are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
PermafrostSoil temperature2002Continuous
PermafrostSoil moisture2002Continuous

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature2002Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure2002Continuous
MetWind speed and direction2002Continuous
MetTotal precipitation2009Continuous
MetTrace gases2002Continuous
MetSensible and latent heat2002Continuous
RadiationDownwelling shortwave2002Continuous
RadiationUpwelling shortwave2002Continuous
RadiationDownwelling longwave2002Continuous
RadiationUpwelling longwave2002Continuous

Last updated: 31 May 2017