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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s):
  • Belongs to cluster: Hofsj√∂kull
  • WMO ID (if any): 4156
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: 64.86594, -19.55383
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 641
  • Landscape: Mountain
  • Year established: 1965
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Odinn Thorarinsson
  • Science contact: Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson
  • Data contact: Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson
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Reference CryoNet Station Information

The Hveravellir manned weather station was established by the Icelandic Meteorological Office in 1965. By then it was the only manned research and monitoring station within the uninhabited highland region of Iceland. The station has been operated with automatic systems since 2004 and is frequently visited by IMO staff. The observational programme has included measurements of temperature, precipitation, atmospheric pressure, wind speed, wind direction, humidity, solar radiation, visibility, cloud cover, cloud base altitude, ground temperature, snow cover, snow thickness, snow density and water equivalent, snowdrift and icing.

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information


Sigurðsson, F.H., Þ. Pálsdóttir and T. K. Antonsson (2003). Veðurstöð og veðurfar á Hveravöllum á Kili. (The climate record from the Hveravellir weather station, Kjölur, Iceland). IMO Publications 20. 122 pages. In Icelandic.

Jónasson, K. and T. Jónsson (1997). Fimmtíu ára snjódýpt á Íslandi. (50-year snow depth in Iceland). Veðurstofa Íslands/IMO Technical Report VÍ-G97025-ÚR20. 39 pages. In Icelandic.


The measurements made at Hveravellir are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnow on the ground (WMO code 0957)1965Continuous
SnowSnow water equivalent1965Sporadic
SnowSnowpack profile1965Sporadic
SnowSnowfall depth1965Continuous
SnowWater equivalent of snowfall1965Sporadic
SnowDrifting/blowing1965Not specified
SnowAlbedo1965Not specified
SnowChemistry1965Not specified
FrozengroundGround temperature1965Continuous

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature1965Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure1965Continuous
MetWind speed and direction1965Continuous
MetAir pressure1965Continuous
MetTotal precipitation1965Continuous
MetTrace gases1965Not specified
MetAerosols1965Not specified
MetSensible and latent heat1965Not specified
RadiationDownwelling shortwave1965Continuous
RadiationUpwelling shortwave1965Not specified
RadiationDownwelling longwave1965Not specified
RadiationUpwelling longwave1965Not specified
RadiationUV1965Not specified
RadiationSunshine duration19652004Continuous

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
GlacierSee information submitted for Hofsjökull CryoNet station.
AtmosphereThe Hveravellir meteorological station was manned in 1965-2004 but has been operated as an automatic station since 2004.

Last updated: 8 March 2018