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Metadata

  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Station
  • Type: Reference
  • Attribute(s): Research
  • Belongs to cluster: Peyto Glacier
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: point
  • Latitude, longitude: 51.67669, -116.53399
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 2150; 2150-2183
  • Landscape: Glacier
  • Year established: 2002
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Dhiraj Pradhananga
  • Science contact: John Pomeroy
  • Data contact: Branko Zdravkovic
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Peyto Lower Ice
Reference CryoNet Station Information

Peyto Glacier in Banff National Park is a valley outflow glacier Wapta Icefield in the Waputik Mountains, a part of the Canadian Rocky Mountains – the headwaters of major river systems in western Canada [location map is included]. During the 1960s, the area of the glacier was 13.4 km2. However, it has been continuously losing mass since the mid-1970s (9.9 km2 of the glacier as of 2016) and the new proglacial lake formed at the tongue of the glacier is increasing in size every year. The lake in the research basin has been named as ‘Lake Munro’ by the Centre for Hydrology (University of Saskatchewan) to honor Scott Munro’s research contribution to the glacier. Peyto Creek flowing out of Lake Munro drains the Peyto Glacier Research Basin (22.4 km²) and discharges to Peyto Lake, which has outflow into the Mistaya River, one of the tributaries of the North Saskatchewan River.

Although the first record of Peyto Glacier goes back to the photograph in 1896 by Walter D. Wilcox, significant research of the glacier began in 1965, when it was selected as one of the research sites for the International Hydrological Decade (IHD). The past studies over the glacier is well documented in the book – ‘Peyto Glacier: One Century of Science’ edited by Demuth et al., (2006). Automatic weather stations (AWS) were installed on the ice and off-glacier sites and several post-IHD-period micrometeorological studies were made by Dr. Scott Munro, University of Toronto. These climate stations are now being continued by the Centre for Hydrology – University of Saskatchewan.

Other Networks to Which This CryoNet Station Belongs

Data Information

Publications

Changing Cold Regions Network, 3. Wapta Icefield/Peyto Glacier, AB. http://ccrnetwork.ca/science/WECC/western-cordillera/peyto-glacier.php

Debeer, C.M., Wheater, H.S., Quinton, W.L., Carey, S.K., Stewart, R.E., MacKay, M.D., Marsh, P., 2014. The Changing Cold Regions Network: Observation, diagnosis and prediction of environmental change in the Saskatchewan and Mackenzie River Basins, Canada. Sci. China Earth Sci. 58, 46–60. doi:10.1007/s11430-014-5001-6

Measurements

The measurements made at Peyto Lower Ice are listed in the following tables. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
SnowSnow on the ground (WMO code 0957)2007Continuous
SnowDepth2007Continuous
SnowSnow water equivalent2013Sporadic
SnowSnowpack profile2007Continuous
SnowAlbedo20072008Fragmented
SnowTemperature2010Continuous
GlacierAccumulation2007Continuous
GlacierAblation2007Continuous
GlacierSurface albedo20072008Continuous
GlacierIce/firn temperature20102014Continuous

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year Frequency
MetAir temperature2007Continuous
MetHumidity/vapour pressure2007Continuous
MetWind speed and direction2007Continuous
RadiationDownwelling shortwave2007Fragmented
RadiationUpwelling shortwave20072008Fragmented

Measurement Notes and Other Measurements

Category Description or List
SnowIt is the AWS in the ablation zone of Peyto Glacier. It was first established by Dr. Scott Munro earlier than 2002. Centre for Hydrology continued it replacing the old station by the new instruments and setting in 2016.

Last updated: 24 February 2018