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  • Station or cluster: CryoNet Cluster
  • Type: Basic
  • WMO ID (if any):
  • Shape: polygon
  • Latitude, longitude: 47.4431, 85.8602
  • Altitude and/or range (m): 400-4300
  • Landscape: Mountain
  • Year established: 2011
  • Year-round? Yes
  • Operations contact: Li Zhongqin
  • Science contact: Wang Feiteng
  • Data contact: Wang Feiteng

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Altay site
Basic CryoNet Cluster Information

Altay Site is located in Altai Mountains regions where is important to the water source of Central Asia and plays an important role on the local water balance and environment. The Altai Mountains regions are the headwaters of the Irtysh River, which is the only one in the country that flows into the Arctic Ocean.
Altay Site is a field work station which main research the glacier and snow cover. Altay consist of the Basic Station and Kanas Station. Basic Station main task is to monitor the Muz Taw Glacier. The monitoring object is glacier, snow cover and other geography factor. Glacier monitoring includes the mass balance, thickness, glacial change and so an.
Meanwhile, Altay Site often studies the meteorological, hydrological and ecological environment in arid and semi-arid regions. These research will be important to regional ecological structure, environmental protection and sustainable development.

Stations in This Site

This site is comprised of the following stations:

Measurement Methods Used

Data Information


Wang Feiteng, Wang Lin, Kang Jian, et al. Chemical characteristics of snow-firn pack in Altai mountains and its environmental significance. Journal of Earth Science, 2011, 22(4):482-489.


The measurements made at Altay site are listed in the following tables. This is a combination of measurements made at the stations within the site, where the start and end years in the tables are the earliest and latest years of measurement. (Note: If End Year is blank, measurements are ongoing.)

Cryosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year
SnowSnow on the ground (WMO code 0957)2009
SnowSnow water equivalent2009
SnowSnowpack profile2009
SnowSnowfall depth2009
SnowWater equivalent of snowfall2009
GlacierAnnual mass balance2014
GlacierGlacial discharge2009
GlacierFacies, snowline2015
GlacierSurface temperature20092014

Atmosphere Measurements

Element Variable Start Year End Year
MetAir temperature2009
MetHumidity/vapour pressure201
MetWind speed and direction2009
MetAir pressure2009
MetTotal precipitation2009
RadiationDownwelling shortwave2014
RadiationUpwelling shortwave2014

Last updated: 31 May 2017